On that day the deaf will hear the words of the scroll, and out of the deep darkness the eyes of the blind will see.
Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled:
“Who among them can declare this?”
“And shew us former things?”
Let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say,
“It is truth.”
Yea, before the day was I am he; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand:
“I will work, and who shall let it?”
Which bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as tow.
And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;
And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people?
and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Woe unto him that saith unto hisfather,
What begettest thou?
or to the woman,
What hast thou brought forth?
Listen, O isles, unto me; and hearken, ye people, from far;
The LORD hath called me from the womb;
from the bowels of my mother hath he made mention of my name.
And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;
Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.
For thus saith the LORD of hosts;
After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.
For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.
Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.
And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
As it is written in the law of 📖 Moses, all this 😈evil is come upon us: yet made we not our 🙏prayer before the LORD our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand thy truth.
: a strong support or protection
democratic principles that stand as a 🛰 bulwark against 👽tyranny
a bulwark of 🗽freedom
📰 Recent Examples on the Web: Noun
👽 Karina Ceron, who does communications for Wisdom of the Elders, said preserving stories like those that Goodness told served as a bulwark against centuries of colonization and oppression.
— oregonlive, 20 Apr. 2022
👽 China 🇨🇳 and 😇 Russia 🇷🇺 have long been allies, extending back to the 🥶 Cold War, and view their alliance as a bulwark against 🛸 Western power.
— Washington Post, 8 Apr. 2022
To deal with the new 🚀 reality, the U.S. realized, Germany 🇩🇪 —or at least the bit of Germany under Allied control—would need to be rebuilt as a bulwark against the Soviet Union.
— Tom Mctague, The Atlantic, 4 Apr. 2022
The 🚨 White House pivot has also put the U.S. and its vast oil and gas reserves in shale rock back at the center of a 🌎🌍🌏🌐🏆 global scramble for 🔥energy resources as a bulwark against petrostates and authoritarian regimes.
— Timothy Puko, WSJ, 26 Mar. 2022
At the time, Randazzo 👽 was winding down a storied career as a legal and political bulwark against renewable energy in Ohio.
— cleveland, 4 Apr. 2022
But Poland 🇵🇱 has used its role as a NATO bulwark — and as the primary entrance point for Ukrainian 🇺🇦 refugees — to overhaul its relationship with Brussels.
— Washington Post, 2 Apr. 2022
The 💰 show, which airs at 5 p.m. — not typically a bulwark of top viewing in the 🖥 TV business — lured an average audience of around 3.68 million for the first three months of the year.
— Brian Steinberg, Variety, 29 Mar. 2022
The alliance that ✝️ Vladimir Putin blames for his assault on Ukraine originated as a defensive bulwark against Soviet aggression.
— The Week, 19 Mar. 2022
Korean Central Intelligence Agency Where is the truth located…House subcommittee released intelligence reports asserting that the Rev. Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church was founded by a director of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, 👽 Kim Chong Pil, as a political tool in 1961.
And she hath strong rods to make sceptres for them that bear rule, and her stature was exalted among the branches: and she saw her height in the multitude of her branches.
And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
Take to you in the first day the fruit of beautiful orange trees and the hearts of palm trees and myrtle and willow, and rejoice before LORD JEHOVAH your God seven days, all of the house of Israel.
Facts about the Idaho Capitol Building
• In 1905, the Idaho legislature passed the bill authorizing construction of the Capitol Building.
• The architects of the Capitol Building were J.E. Tourtellotte and Charles Hummel.
• The dome and central parts of the Capitol were built first—from 1905-1912.
• The wings (House and Senate chambers) were constructed during 1919 and 1920.
• Most of the superstructure is made of sandstone taken from Table Rock (near Boise).
• Convicts from the old Idaho Penitentiary were responsible for transporting the 10-ton sandstone blocks from the quarry.
• Four types of marble were used for the Capitol’s interior:
On the first floor of the capitol building, when looking upward to the dome, 13 large stars and 43 smaller stars can be seen. The 13 large stars represent the thirteen original colonies and the 43 smaller stars indicate that Idaho was the forty-third state to enter the union. The floor contains a compass rose; in its center is a sundial that has minerals found in Idaho. The first floor also houses a statue called the Patriot by Kenneth Lonn, for those who worked in the mining industry.
During its construction, the Idaho state capitol’s architects used a combination of white marble and matching scagliola to create a “Capitol of Light,” so called because the materials would glow in natural light in the rotunda.
The Winged Victory statue is a plaster replica of the original marble statue of Nike of Samothrace. The original statue was found on the island of Samothrace, Greece, in 1863 by a French explorer. The statue has characteristic features of Hellenistic art. The people of France gave the replica to the United States as part of a gift after U.S. forces helped liberate France from Nazi occupation at the end of World War II. After it arrived in February 1949, state officials placed the gift in the Boise capitol.
Attractions in the restored and expanded building include a gilded equestrian statue of George Washington and information about the historic trees that surrounded the capitol building before the grounds were cleared for underground construction. (PresidentsBenjamin Harrison, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Taft planted trees on the property; Harrison planted a Water Oak, Roosevelt planted a Sugar Maple in 1903, and Taft planted the Ohio Buckeye in 1911.) The Golden Statue was carved by Charles Osner in 1869 from white pine, the state tree of Idaho. Osner worked by candlelight and took four years to finish the work.
A full-scale replica of the Liberty Bell (uncracked) occupies a site at the base of the stairs outside the Jefferson Street entrance. The bell is one of 53 commissioned in 1950 by the U.S. Treasury Department and presented to each of the states and is accessible to passersby who can ring it.
Randolph Roger’s winged bronze beauty Genius of Connecticut once stood at the pinnacle of the state’s capitol building in Hartford. She was a critical element of Richard M. Upjohn’s original building design. Her crown of white oak leaves represents the strength and vitality of the state tree; the wreath of dried flowers in her right hand embodies long life, and the wreath in her left hand is mountain laurel, the state flower. Her outstretched wings allowed her to fly high—nearly 260 feet above the ground—as the shield and protector for the state’s people. Her name, Genius, reflects the intention that she embodied the state’s spirit of innovation.
Placed atop the capitol’s dome when that building was completed in 1878, Genius held special meaning to the generation that created the new center of state government. After the bloody, horrifying, nation-altering Civil War, the capitol was to serve as a shrine to the shared sacrifice that preserved the Union and brought freedom to all of the nation’s citizens.
Genius embodied a philosophy about Connecticut’s spirit of innovation and ability. Such qualities had long existed, from the founding of the colony and its pioneering experiments in self-government to the crucial role we played in the American Revolution and the spirit of progress and technological know-how that placed Connecticut at the forefront of invention and manufacturing beginning in the 19th century and continuing today.
In the Rotunda, a copy of the State Seal cast in bronze is mounted on terra verde marble sits. This is not the current seal, but one in use when building was completed. It is surrounded by five smaller seals representing the nations and kingdoms that exerted sovereignty over all or parts of Florida (France, Spain, Great Britain, the Confederate States of America, and the United States).
Miss Freedom, originally named Goddess of Liberty, is the statue adorning the dome of the Georgia State Capitol since 1889. Commissioned in 1888, the hollow copper statue is painted white, weighs over 1600 lbs and is over 26 feet tall. She was sculpted with a torch in her right hand and a sword in her left. The torch is a functioning mercury-vapor lamp, casting a blue-green light at night. The torch in her right hand was supposed to be a working light continuously, but it remained dark until it was reconstructed in 1959. Tube and trolley systems have been installed so the bulb can be changed from the inside.
The statue’s origin is vague as the original documents pertaining to the construction of the State Capitol and Miss Freedom were burned. What records remain suggest that the architectural firm in charge of the build, Edbrooke and Burnham, ordered the statue from the W.H. Mullins Manufacturing Company in Salem, Ohio. The statue’s name prior to its christening is unknown, but it has possessed the names Miss Freedom, Liberty, and Goddess of Liberty.
The statue wears a Phrygian cap, or pileus, adorned with a star. It wears a robe and holds a torch in her right hand and a sword in her left. The torch is meant to represent truth or enlightenment while the sword symbolizes authoritative armed liberty or enforced justice.
Although Phrygian caps did not originally function as liberty caps, they came to signify freedom and the pursuit of liberty first in the American Revolution and then in the French Revolution. The original cap of liberty was the Roman pileus, the felt cap of emancipated slaves of ancient Rome, which was an attribute of Libertas, the Roman goddess of liberty. In the 16th century, the Roman iconography of liberty was revived in emblem books and numismatic handbooks where the figure of Libertas is usually depicted with a pileus. The most extensive use of a headgear as a symbol of freedom in the first two centuries after the revival of the Roman iconography was made in the Netherlands, where the cap of liberty was adopted in the form of a contemporary hat. In the 18th century, the traditional liberty cap was widely used in English prints, and from 1789 also in French prints; by the early 1790s, it was regularly used in the Phrygian form.
It is used in the coat of arms of certain republics or of republican state institutions in the place where otherwise a crown would be used (in the heraldry of monarchies). It thus came to be identified as a symbol of republican government. A number of national personifications, in particular France’s Marianne, are commonly depicted wearing the Phrygian cap.
Libertas (Latin for ‘liberty’ or ‘freedom’, pronounced [liːˈbɛrt̪aːs̠]) is the Roman goddess and personification of liberty. She became a politicised figure in the Late Republic, featured on coins supporting the populares faction, and later those of the assassins of Julius Caesar. Nonetheless, she sometimes appears on coins from the imperial period, such as Galba‘s “Freedom of the People” coins during his short reign after the death of Nero. She is usually portrayed with two accoutrements: the rod and the soft pileus, which she holds out, rather than wears.
. An exception was the winged goddess of Victory, Victoria/Nike, who developed into the visualization of the Christian angel.
Generally, personifications lack much in the way of narrative myths, although classical myth at least gave many of them parents among the major Olympian deities. The iconography of several personifications “maintained a remarkable degree of continuity from late antiquity until the 18th century”. Female personifications tend to outnumber male ones, at least until modern national personifications, many of which are male.
According to Ernst Gombrich, “we tend to take it for granted rather than to ask questions about this extraordinary predominantly feminine population which greets us from the porches of cathedrals, crowds around our public monuments, marks our coins and our banknotes, and turns up in our cartoons and our posters; these females variously attired, of course, came to life on the medieval stage, they greeted the Prince on his entry into a city, they were invoked in innumerable speeches, they quarrelled or embraced in endless epics where they struggled for the soul of the hero or set the action going, and when the medieval versifier went out on one fine spring morning and lay down on a grassy bank, one of these ladies rarely failed to appear to him in his sleep and to explain her own nature to him in any number of lines”.
With the rise of nationalism and new states, many nationalist personifications included a strong element of liberty, perhaps culminating in the Statue of Liberty. The long poem Liberty by the Scottish James Thomson (1734), is a lengthy monologue spoken by the “Goddess of Liberty“, describing her travels through the ancient world, and then English and British history, before the resolution of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 confirms her position there. Thomson also wrote the lyrics for Rule Britannia, and the two personifications were often combined as a personified “British Liberty”, to whom a large monument was erected in the 1750s on his estate at Gibside by a Whig magnate.
Contact; SeanMoon. The Magical Moon is SeanMoon – a talented young Magician who specialises in close up magic. He is based in Exeter, Devon but performs all over the South West. Sean has also performed nationally & internationally as well as at the Prestigious Magic Circle.
Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god…
I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early.
DIVINE COSMIC INTELLIGENCE……
Japan 🇯🇵 solo? Remember 🇯🇵 bombed 🇺🇸
The search for the HOLY GRAIL..Hitler & Napoleon 🎯
The empty space and the void aka BLACKHOLE
Imitation vs imagination
Gog and Magog are two human individuals
1 day = 1000 years
Jesus said u will have tribulation but he didn’t say how long
Different spires have a different powers
All spires are connected supernaturally and to use this power you must fear the Lord….these spires are the key to Heavens gate
Imagine if u could take every spire and connect the dots to make a grid of ether levels… then test before n after results
I WILL CALL OUT THE SPIRES BY DIVINE DIRECTION BASED ON LEVEL OF FEAR IN THE LORD….then I can create a new map of direct connect of the Holy Spirt and the Holy Ghost…
These cathedrals hold sacred power of supernatural realms…
The only way to know…144K is 🧬 IT IS THE DNA SWITCH TO THE WORLD THUS RESULTING IN ALL UNRIGHTEOUSNESS ON EARTH WILL TURN TO DUST….these are the artificial humans who are embedded in flesh aka ET’s that have invaded our planet.
These ET’s are shape-shifters….the can jump from vessel to vessel and walk into a persons soul controlling their behavior and words for the destruction of this planet….they want to feed off of the babies and children…like abortion, pedophila, kidnapping, brainwashing, to teach the doctrine of Satan.
Satan is already here…CERN…..he is in control of the abyss he has stolen the key DNA….in search for yup u guessed it the Holy Grail.
An orange giant that is the third-brightest star in the constellation Andromeda. It is a triple star, forming a very fine visual binary with its apparently greenish companion (B), 10″ distant, with which it has a common proper motion; B is a spectroscopic binary, period 61 years. mV : 2.28 (A), 5.1 (B), 2.16 (AB); spectral type: K3 II (A), A0p (B).
(ăndrŏm`ĭdə), in Greek mythology, princess of Ethiopia, daughter of King Cepheus, king of Ethiopia, and Cassiopeia. According to most legends Cassiopeia angered Poseidon by saying that Andromeda (or possibly Cassiopeia herself) was more beautiful than the nereids. Poseidon sent a sea monster to prey upon the country; he could be appeased only by the sacrifice of the king’s daughter. Andromeda in sacrifice was chained to a rock by the sea; but she was rescued by Perseus
, in Greek mythology, son of Zeus and Danaë. His grandfather, Acrisius, had been warned by an oracle that his grandson would kill him and therefore put Perseus and his mother in a chest and threw it into the sea.
….. Click the link for more information.
, who killed the monster and later married her. Cassiopeia, Cepheus, and Andromeda were all set among the stars as constellations.
Planets of image and illusion
Profound effect on your sense of spirit
Hathor Temple @ DENDERA
THE BULL VS THE SCALES
Outer event stimulate their inner action Neptune and strong opposition with NATO Neptune
It is in the stain glass window that which u cannot see
The organ of wisdom is the vibration of each key or note…528 freq….in unison souls 2 b turned to dust….the bell chimes on the hour every hours…the calculation 12and12
NOT IN MY STATE
IMMANUEL LUTHER 7 th street
Off to wake up some dry bones….
It’s like a ground when you see it spire with the cross made out of rock and the real need all looking ones are what creates the invisible shield electric
All the sound system of heaven
Remove the pain it’s the new song activation to remove dementia cancer
The Rubik cube of the
Most peaceful city
Joseph smith and Zion
The chain that breaks all religious slavery
The end of all scripture
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose; …
For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.
Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.
And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am the LORD their God, and will hear them.
Strong’s 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style
A town in Benjamin, bordering Ephraim and about 5 miles north of Jerusalem (Joshua 18:25). Somewhere between Ramah and Bethel the judge Deborah held audience beneath her famous palm tree (Judges 4:5). This Ramah of Benjamin is also probably the same as:
◦ The Ramah which king Baasha of Israel fortified in order to thwart traffic destined for or coming from king Asa of Judah (1 Kings 15:17-22).
◦ The Ramah at which Jeremiah was incarcerated (Jeremiah 40:1).
◦ The Ramah from where came a large group of returning exiles (Ezra 2:26, Nehemiah 7:30).
◦ The Ramah from whence came Shimei the Ramathite (רמתי), who held charge over the vineyards of king David (1 Chronicles 27:27).
Several prophets pronounced their concerns about this Benjaminite Ramah (Hosea 5:8, Isaiah 10:29). Jeremiah famously connects Ramah with Rachel weeping over her children (Jeremiah 31:15; Rachel died giving birth to Benjamin, when Israel’s caravan had just left Bethel, so it was probably close to where Deborah would later be based) but Matthew applies this prophecy to Herod’s genocide of the children of Bethlehem, which lies south of Jerusalem (MATTHEW 2:18).
GEORGE W BUSH DECLARES CEASE IN IRAQ WAR :
THIS WAR BEGAN, AND ENDED, ON OCCULT HOLIDAYS AND WAS FILLED WITH OCCULT CONSIDERATIONS THROUGHOUT!
As with any occult undertaking, the Iraq War was conducted strictly according to occult holidays and occult numbers. Once you understand this reality, you will see that this war is likely Act I of a global war. The 2003 Iraq war was fought most strikingly by occult numbers,
President Bush began this war at 05:50 Baghdad time, on March 20th, 2003(the Feast Day celebration, eve of eve of Ostara), according to occult considerations, March 20th, 2003 was Day “555” since the attacks on 9/11.The Illuminati intended the attacks of 9/11 to be the first blow struck for the appearance of Antichrist; The occultist believes “5” to be the Number of Death, and the greatest intensification of any number to be a triplicate, a “555” literally means “Highest Death”.
The 48 hour ultimatum to Saddam and his sons precisely paralleled the Jewish holiday, Purim.
President Bush deliberately chose March 20th, 2003 as the start of his war against Iraq because of important occult and current Jewish, considerations. Now, let us examine the end of this war.
President Bush flew to the aircraft carrier, Abraham Lincoln, to declare that the major combat phase in the Iraqi War was over on May 1st, 2003, May 1 is the second-most important satanic holiday, and is known as Beltane. This holiday is a 2-day event, April 30th – May 1st. Beltane Festival, also called Walpurgis Night. However, this is the highest day on the Druidic Witch’s Calendar. May 1st is the Illuminati’s second most sacred holiday. Human sacrifice is required.
Occultists multiply and add numbers in order to create other sacred numbers — they also group numbers in ways that will be recognizable to other occultists. They often use the principle of intensification, that greater power is derived from groupings. Regarding the number 3, intensification is achieved when it is shown as 33, or 333. Obviously twice 333 is 666. The use of 333 by occultists is a blind to conceal the more offensive 666. 333 can serve as an “occult signature” when it is used to clothe an event in time — only fellow travelers will recognize this signature (remember 555?). Similarly, 999 also conceals 666. Likewise, 39 conceals 13. Hitler chose to begin WW2 in ’39. Thrice 11 is 33, and both Roosevelt and Hitler came to power in ’33. Both were committed to the establishment of the New World Order.
Satanists believe numbers contain inherent power: great spiritual and temporal power. They literally believe that, if they attempt to launch a great and perfect plan, but do so without arranging the plan according to the correct occult power numbers, the plan could fail! In fact, when you see an event constructed according to the correct occult numbers, you may know that the event is occultic, no matter what rhetoric is filling your ears!
Members of secret societies, such as Masonic Lodges of the Grand Orient, in their highest levels use the words “unknown superiors” to describe the force that guides them and their efforts. When the Illuminati was formed on Walpurgisnacht (eve of May 1st), 1776, five men gathered in a cavern deep beneath Ingolstadt in Bavaria and made contact with what they said were “unknown superiors.” One of these five men was Dr. Adam Weishaupt. The name Adam Weishaupt is profound in the sense that his name means “first man to know the superiors.” Here let it be noted that the five founders of the Illuminati used witchcraft rituals known as “The greater and lesser keys of Solomon”, which involved the “Pentacle of Invocation.” The pentacle is a three-dimensional, five-pointed star, and the number five became sacred to the Illuminati. We must also note that the Rothschild family consisted of five sons of one Moses Amschel Bauer, who took the name Rothschild, because it means “Red Shield.” Much later, a man named John D. Rockefeller also had five sons to control the American branch of Illuminism. The Illuminati and all of witchcraft is obsessed with the Pentacle of Invocation, and is it any wonder that the Washington Monument in Washington D.C. is exactly 555 feet high? Is it any wonder that we have a five-sided death house, known as the Pentagon?
The number for Mankind is 555. 5 + 5 + 5 = 15 = 6
’55, 555, 55:55′ the universe is making changes for you whether you ask for it or not. Allow the currents to take you into a new future full of possibilities still hidden from you at this point of seeing. Hold the vision until you land on the new shore.
PUTIN is the only one preventing the NWO
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
From now on let no one trouble me, for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus.
If they are Ministers of The Messiah, in stupidity I say that I am greater than they, in more toil than they, with more wounds than they, in chains more than they, in death many times.
But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
In Christ Jesus, then, I have found [legitimate] reason for boasting in things related [to my service] to God.
What is thy mother?
A lioness: she lay down among lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions.
And David said to Shaul:
“Your Servant was a Shepherd for my father’s sheep, and a lion came, and a bear, and they picked up a lamb from the flock, And I went out after it and I struck it and I snatched it from its mouth and it was enraged against me and I caught him by his chin and I struck him and killed him.”
“Your Servant killed both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, because he defied the ranks of the living God!”
He will bind his colt to the vine and the foal of his donkey to vine shoots; he will whiten his clothing with wine and his cloak with the blood of grapes:
I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
A lion perishes from want, he has no prey, and the offspring of the lionesses are scattered.
Who gives a lion food and has filled the soul of the lions?
The burden of the animals of the south in the afflicted, grievous land:
“The lion and the cub of a lion, and from them the asp and the flying dragon shall carry on the backs of colts their wealth and their treasures upon the sides of camels to a people that do not benefit them….
Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey?
Will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing?
For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion.”
Their faces seemed human and they had hair like women’s hair, but their teeth resembled those of lions.
And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?
Slumber gives sleep and the proud soul will suffer hunger. The ways of her house are open and she has not eaten the bread of laziness.
Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received of us.
Strong’s 3389: Jerusalem — probably ‘foundation of peace’, capital city of all Israel
They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.
And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.
But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me.
Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where had they been?
I have likened the daughter of Zion to a comely and delicate woman.
1 Chronicles 1:7
And the sons of
2. Elishah, and
4. Kittim, and
But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD,
and went down to Joppa;
and he found a ship going to Tarshish:
so he paid the fare thereof,
and went down into it,
to go with them unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD.
Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas: this woman was full of good works and almsdeeds which she did.
Strong’s 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; ‘in, ‘ at, on, by, etc.
Noun – Dative Feminine Singular
Strong’s 2445: Joppa, a coast town of Judea, west-north-west of Jerusalem. Of Hebrew origin; Joppe, a place in Palestine.
Verb – Imperfect Indicative Active – 3rd Person Singular
Strong’s 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.
In Hebrew this word is closely related to the meaning of beauty. A Hebrew name that came from this word, and which may be the Hebrew equivalent of the Aramaic name Tabitha and the Greek name Dorcas, is Zibiah.
The name Tabitha means Gazelle.
The word talitha means Little Girl, but when this word is spoken by Jesus Christ as he raises someone from the dead, it may mean a lot more than that.
Jairus is an official from the synagogue and Mark’s ostentatious Aramaic quote seems to echo Jesus’ observation that religious scholarship in those days was as good as dead, only to be resurrected by the Lord himself, and only at the strenuous request of the officials.
Note that Mark interrupts the story of Jairus’ daughter with the story of the hemorrhaging woman. This woman had slowly bled to near death exactly as long as the girl had lived (12 years; MARK 5:25, 5:42). She is healed by touching Jesus’ cloak. That’s no coincidence.
Our verb expresses a wholly integrated organization and all its activities: in the inevitable military sense, the whole of the military that consists of soldiers, cooks, engineers and what not. Our word ‘military’ is thought to have to do with the Sanskrit noun melah meaning ‘assembly’, which hits the nail on the head. A military engagement described by this verb covers not just the actual battle but rather the whole gamut of intelligence, planning and diplomacy; the whole engagement.
Our noun in plural forms the familiar word צבאות (seba’ot): hosts, as in YHWH Sabaoth, meaning the Lord Of Hosts. Again, this word does not denote God as the Lord of Warfare, but rather the God of organization and cooperation. Just prior to the battle of Jericho, Israel’s great military leader Joshua was privileged to commune with the commander of the צבא (saba’) of YHWH (Joshua 5:14). Many enthusiasts have taken this as proof that the Lord indeed sports an elite force of angelic green berets, but this heavenly commander’s enigmatic yet obvious evasion of Joshua’s question which side he’s on, demonstrates to others that he wasn’t there to fight.
Our noun צבא (saba’) is also used to collectively denote the visible celestial bodies (Deuteronomy 4:19, Jeremiah 8:2, Isaiah 34:4). And like angels, planets and stars don’t wage war, but (we know since Kepler), they certainly engage each other in a greater, unified gravitational community.
In Job 10:17 Job laments the forces of righteousness ‘confederating’ against him, while in Job 7:1 and 14:14 he speaks of man’s ‘assemblage’ that stops when he dies. This obviously resonates with David’s famous observation that he was weaved together (from סכך, sakak) in his mother’s womb (Psalm 139:13, also see Job 10:8-11). Likewise, the prophet Isaiah may not famously and rather oddly state that Jerusalem’s ‘warfare’ had been accomplished, but rather her ‘assembly’, or rather that of the baby in her womb (Isaiah 40:2, see Isaiah 40:3 and compare with Isaiah 9:6).
Apparently, linguists figure that beauty and honor have nothing to do with swelling up, but here at Abarim Publications we’re not so sure that the existence of this noun necessitates a separate root. A similar double meaning of being heavy and being honorable exists in the verb כבד (kabed). The command to honor one’s father and mother literally calls to “give weight” to one’s father and mother.
In the Aramaic (latest) parts of the Hebrew Bible, as well as in the Talmud, occurs the verb צבא (saba’), which is spelled the same as the Hebrew verb treated above but which probably stems from or is related to the Hebrew root צבה (saba II). This Aramaic verb means to wish (presumably from wishing something that’s beautiful) but it may very well mean to surmise, gather or conclude and be related to the identical Hebrew. It occurs exclusively in Daniel. A derived noun, namely צבו (sebu), means ‘desired thing’ (or perhaps concocted thing) and occurs once, in Daniel 6:17.
• The feminine noun צביה (sebiya), also meaning gazelle (Song of Solomon 4:5 only).
The unused root צבב (sbb I) may have something to do with an Assyrian noun meaning cart. In the Bible only the derived masculine noun צב (sab) remains, which is supposed to denote some kind of transportation device, like a cart. It occurs only two times: Numbers 7:3 and Isaiah 66:20.
The LORD possessed me at the beginning of His way, Before His works of old.
And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
The LORD by wisdom hath founded the earth; by understanding hath he established the heavens.
But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)
To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.
And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour.
And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there.
And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:
Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land.
I have been established from everlasting, From the beginning, before there was ever an earth.
And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding.
1Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars:
2She hath killed her beasts; she hath mingled her wine; she hath also furnished her table.
3She hath sent forth her maidens: she crieth upon the highest places of the city,
4Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither: as for him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him,
5Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled.
6Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.
Jehosheba (alternately Jehoshabeath; Hebrew: יְהוֹשֶׁ֫בַע Yəhōšeḇa‘, “Yahweh is an oath”), or Josaba, is a figure in the Hebrew Bible. She was the daughter of Jehoram, but not necessarily of Athaliah. After the death of Ahaziah, his mother, Athaliah, made herself Queen of Judah and ordered the execution of all members of the royal family that could claim the throne. However, according to 2 Kings11:2, Jehosheba saved from the massacre her infant nephew Jehoash, Ahaziah’s son and Athaliah’s grandson:
The root שבע (sb’), which in modern medieval times became pointed as שׁבע (shaba’), has to do with the number seven and the act of binding with an oath (i.e. with a proverbial seven seals or seven bonds).
Nouns שבע (sheba’) and שבעה (shib’a) mean 7 and their plural שבעים (shib’im) means 70. The dual form שבעתים (shib’atayim), means sevenfold or seven times. Adjectives שביעית (shebi’it) and שביעי (shebi’i) mean seventh.
The noun שבע (sheba’), meaning seven, became the verb שבע (shaba’), meaning to bind with an oath. Subsequent nouns שבועה (shebu’a) and שבעה (shebu’a) mean oath.
The identical root שבע (sb’), which in modern medieval times became pointed as שׂבע (saba’), means to be sated or satisfied, either with food and such or with any act, deed, quality or phenomenon. Nouns שבע (soba’), שבע (saba’), and שבעה (sab’a or sib’a) mean satiety, fullness, contentment and so on.
Bathsheba means Daughter Of An Oath.
The alternative, Daughter Of Seven, seems perfectly bizarre in English, but in Hebrew it holds a marvelous and magnificent meaning.
This at once directs our attention towards the curious statement made by Jesus:” . . . for I say to you that God is able from these stones to raise up children to Abraham” (MATTHEW 3:9), which is now far less curious and all the more profound.
Note that some scholars propose that the word for stone, אבן (‘eben) is also related to the verb בנה (bana), meaning to build, and thus to our noun בן (ben), meaning son.
Jesus also says, ” . . . and you will be sons of the Most High (LUKE 6:35),” and Peter writes, “You also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house . . . ” (1 PETER 2:5).
The word “house” is often used to denote someone’s family. But it’s also used to denote any other clearly defined group, such as a guild, a caste or order, and the word בן (ben) denotes a member of that group. Hence the Bible speaks of sons of the prophets (1 Kings 20:35), sons of the troops (2 Chronicles 25:13), sons of the exile (Ezra 4:1), even sons of transience (Proverbs 31:8).
The word בן (ben) is not even solely reserved for males. In Genesis 3:16 God informs Eve that she will suffer labor pains due to giving birth to benim, which certainly denotes both boys and girls. The word בן (ben) is not even reserved for humans (calves are ‘sons’ of the flocks – 1 Samuel 14:32), or even living things (‘sons’ of the sparks – Job 5:7; kernels on the threshing floor are ‘sons’ of the floor – Isaiah 21:10). A yearling kid may be called a son-of-year (Exodus 12:5) and offshoots of plants may be called their daughters (Genesis 49:22).
So yes, the word בן (ben) means son, but it really means quantum or building block.
It gets even more interesting when we look at the plural of the word בן (ben); as in Genesis 5:4, “and he had other sons and daughters”. For ‘sons’ we see the common masculine plural: בנים (benim) and for daughters we see the common feminine plural of the same word: בנות (benut). In other words, the Hebrew word for daughters is the feminine form of the word for sons. Something similar happens in Dutch where the word for boy (jongen) literally means ‘young one’ and the plural (jongeren) indeed means ‘young ones’ and covers both young men and young women (the opposite of jongeren is ouderen, from ‘old’). In Hebrew, however, the plural for daughter (בנות) is identical to a common expression of the verb בנה (bana), meaning to build (Joshua 22:23, 1 Samuel 14:35, 1 Kings 3:1).
The singular form for daughter appears to be a contraction of the plural word benut, namely בת (bat). And that is not at all peculiar. In the Bible a group of people (which consists of many benim) is feminine, and not only in some vague grammatical sense. The word for people (nation/ tribe) is אמה (‘umma) and the word for mother-city (as used in 2 Samuel 8:1) is אמה (‘amma). Both are closely related to the word אם (’em), meaning mother. This word אם (’em), meaning mother, is even directly applied to cities and their townsfolk (Isaiah 50:1, Ezekiel 16:44, Hosea 2:2).
On the same note, Israel as a nation is frequently compared to a bride, and more specifically, to the bride of God (Ezekiel 16:8). Similarly, believers who are gathered into the Body of Christ are also depicted as bride (REVELATION 21:2, JOHN 3:29).
We should also note that the Hebrew word for house (temple, family, group), בית (bayit), which contracts to beth in compound names such as Bethlehem or Bethel, bears a striking resemblance to our word בת (bat), meaning daughter. The prophet Isaiah speaks of בית־ציון, which literally reads ‘House of Zion‘, but all popular modern translations interpret this as ‘daughter of Zion’ (Isaiah 10:31).
The masculine plural of the word בן (ben) is בנים (benim). But in compounds or constructs (like: sons-of-Israel), the final mem drops off: בני ישראל (benay-Israel).
There are about half a dozen of names in the Bible that consist of the letter ב (beth), followed by a regular word that is sometimes also a name. This prefixed ב may either be the particle ב (be) that means in or via (as is the case with the first letter of the Bible), or it is a contracted form of our word בן (ben). Something similar happens with patronyms in modern languages where names like William’s Son or Mac-Phail were compressed into Wilsen and Quayle. See the list of B-names below; names that don’t start with, or end on ben or bar are (perhaps) of this contracted patronym form.
David Plans a Temple
1And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 2That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. 3And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
4And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying, 5Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? 6Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. 7In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
8Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: 9And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. 10Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, 11And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. 12And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 14I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 15But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. 16And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever. 17According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
18Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 19And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 20And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant. 21For thy word’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them. 22Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 23And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods? 24For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God. 25And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said. 26And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee. 27For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. 28And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: 29Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable:
for as an angel of God,
so is my lord the king to discern good and bad:
therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
“For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the manthat would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.”
Who set wisdom in a hiding place?
Who gave vision to discernment?
With him is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding.
Thy holy cities are a wilderness, Zion is a wilderness, Jerusalem a desolation.
“As for me, this is my covenant with them,”
saith the LORD;
“My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.”
Wherefore he saith,
“Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.”
For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles; And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
And he said,
It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Who arethesethat fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
Instead they will say, ‘As surely as the LORD lives, who brought the Israelites up out of the land of the north and all the other lands to which He had banished them.’ For I will return them to their land that I gave to their forefathers.
“For vain man would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass’s colt.”
“Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass.”
“A wild ass used to the wilderness, that snuffeth up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not weary themselves; in her month they shall find her.”
1 Samuel 12:3
“Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.”
“Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes:”
“Sing to us of the songs of Zion.”
So they dragged him out of the vineyard and murdered him. “What do you suppose the owner of the vineyard will do to them?” Jesus asked.
What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
Catch all the foxes, those little foxes, before they ruin the vineyard of love, for the grapevines are blossoming! Young Woman
12 Pearl Gates = 12 🧬 STRANDS OF GOLD TRANSPARENT AS GLASS ENCRYPTED GENETIC MARKERS
The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.
Jesus began to speak to them [the chief priests, scribes and elders who were questioning Him] in parables:
“A man PLANTED A VINEYARD AND PUT A WALL AROUND IT, AND DUG A PIT FOR THE WINE PRESS AND BUILT A TOWER; and he rented it out to tenant farmers and left the country.
You will plant vineyards and care for them, but you will not drink the wine or eat the grapes, for worms will destroy the vines.
Neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that ye may live many days in the land where ye be strangers.
I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding; And, lo, it was all grown over with thorns, and nettles had covered the face thereof, and the stone wall thereof was broken down.
And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard. My vineyard, which is mine, is before me: thou, O Solomon, must have a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges?
who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof?
who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock?
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
Francis Scott Key was a gifted amateur poet. Inspired by the sight of the American flag flying over Fort McHenry the morning after the bombardment, he scribbled the initial verse of his song on the back of a letter. Back in Baltimore, he completed the four verses (PDF) and copied them onto a sheet of paper, probably making more than one copy. A local printer issued the new song as a broadside. Shortly afterward, two Baltimore newspapers published it, and by mid-October it had appeared in at least seventeen other papers in cities up and down the East Coast.
This 19th century version (MP3) of the Star-Spangled Banner was performed on original instruments from the National Museum of American History’s collection. Arranged by G. W. E. Friederich, the music is played as it would have been heard in 1854.
The Star-Spangled Banner
O say can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hail’d at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight
O’er the ramparts we watch’d were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep
Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream,
’Tis the star-spangled banner – O long may it wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore,
That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion
A home and a Country should leave us no more?
Their blood has wash’d out their foul footstep’s pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
Between their lov’d home and the war’s desolation!
Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n rescued land
Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto – “In God is our trust,”
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
The donkey is charged with a rich, important biblical symbolism. Usually the kings choose a strong and combatant animal for ceremonies – a thoroughbred horse, an imposing elephant or even a camel. David has a “royal she-mule”, Solomon is anointed as king on a “wild donkey”. And what does Solomon’s wild donkey signify? Christ enters Jerusalem on “the foal of a she-ass,” as the king of the Jews. How do we account for the fact that in Hebrew the ass’s foal is not a diminutive of the word ‘donkey’, as well as the fact that the she-ass signifies ‘slow pace’ and has nothing in common with the jackass? The paper replies to these curious questions and to the riddle as to why the king of the Jews rides “the foal of a she-ass” and the king is of the tribe of Judah, of whom Jacob/Israel prophesies that he will untie his donkey, just as the apostles set free the ass’s foal for which Jesus Christ sent them. To decode these biblical symbols I use linguo-semiotic approach.
1. Messiah’s donkey in Easter story
Why in first century A.D. Jewish population of Jerusalem decode as the king of the Jews and the Messiah a stranger who enters the town “riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey”; and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass (KJV).
John and Matthew use a quote from the Old Testament:
as it is written: “Do not be afraid, daughter of Zion. Look, your king is coming, sitting on a donkey’s colt!” John 12:14-15 (NRS)
to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet, saying, “Tell the daughter of Zion, Look, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on a donkey, and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.” Matthew 21:2-7 (NRS)
People in Christian culture are so accustomed to Easter story that they did not realize how strange and unusual is that act. To understand it cultural significance, we must remember the following facts:
• The New Testament was written by Jews for Jews, first.
• The New Testament is a type of Judaism based on the culture and customs brought from the Old Testament.
• Therefore, we should know well the Old Testament.
Subquestions can help us:
• What are the Hebrew terms for foal, coat, mule, she-ass, he-ass, donkey?
• Why the king of the Jews rides “the foal of a she-ass”?
• What is the symbolism of the royal Jewish animal in case that usually the kings choose a strong and combatant animal for ceremonies – a thoroughbred horse, an imposing elephant or even a camel.
It is impossible to give complete and satisfactory answers to these questions in short text but let me try to start to answer.
2. The Hebrew terms for English Biblical terms foal, coat, she-ass, he-ass, donkey
John and Matthew quoted Zechariah 9:9:
Rejoice greatly, O daughter Zion! Shout aloud, O daughter Jerusalem! Lo, your king comes to you; triumphant and victorious is he, humble and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. (NRS)
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. (KJV)
2.1. The Old Testament prophecy about the ass’s foal of the Messiah and donkey-terminology
In Zechariah 9:9 the terms are:
male donkey/male ass חֲמוֹר [hamòr]
colt עֲיר [aìr]
pl. female donkey/female ass אֲתֺנוֹת [atonòt]
donkey’s foal, lit. son of female donkey בֶן־אָתֺנוֹת [ben atonòt]
The Messiah’s foal is situated in the context of the particularly well-developed terminology in the Old Testament:
What we see in English terms ass, donkey and mule is that female and male individuals are not in relationship of suppletion. We need to add to the same word the pronouns she or he as formants in a compound. But in Hebrew she-donkey and he-donkey are suppletive, i.e. they have different roots. In addition, a young donkey is one-word-term derived from a third root and more terms are used by the prophet. Suppletivism (‘adding’, ‘exchange’) is a way of expressing grammatical meanings of a word in which a relevant grammatical word form use another root. In clear words – semantically connected words has different roots. Suppletive forms need special attention – they are seen as “irregular” or even “highly irregular”.
Examples for suppletive facts: good-better-best; Bulgarian terms for мъж (man) and жена (woman) are suppletive.
We needed this definition for better orientation in Hebrew terms. In addition, there are some unknown to Europeans features of the Hebrew language and alphabet: In Hebrew the root consists of consonants and no vocals. In Hebrew Alphabet, there are no letters for vocals. The vocals are written with diacritics – dots and dashes.
3. The male donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr]
3.1. Additional information from the extended semantics of the roots (logic, associations, and contexts)
Definition: The root is morpheme that carries the mutual semantic features among all word-derivates from that root. For example, there is something common between book, booklet, book-shop, booking etc., including literal and figurative meanings.
The information for the roots is from BibleWorks4.
Male-donkey Het-Mem-Reish חמר
I. ferment, boil, foam; II. be redחָמַר [hamàr]
III. smear with asphalt (Exo 2:3, only)
wine חֶמֶר [hèmer]
bitumen חֵמָר [hemàr]
cement, mortar, clay חֺמֶר [hòmer]
(Bibliography used in BibleWorks4: Cohon, Samuel, “Ass,” in ISBE, I, pp. 287-88. Mccullough, W. S., “Ass,” in IDB, II, pp. 260-61. Mckenzie, J. L., “Ass” in Dictionary of the Bible, I, Bruce, 1965, pp. 62-63. G.H.L.)
From Het-Mem-Reish the verb to be red [hamàr] is formed, which only appears in Job, 16:16 in the form [hamarmerà], meaning to be reddish. Classical (Библия, 1940) and current (Библия, 2001; 2002) protestant Bulgarian versions prefer to render [hamarmerà] as “to bloat”. Only the orthodox Bulgarian version is true to the original to become red (почервеня). The Septuagint prefers to render the prototype of macro-red, using the word συγκέκαυται, meaning burning in fire, suddenly set afire. According to BibleWorks4 this word is translated into Latin as comburere, but st. Jerome (347-420) does not use it in the Vulgata, preferring instead the word intumuit (‘to bloat’). The Slavonic translations in Russian, Polish and Czech keep to reddening – RST побагровело, BTP czerwone, BKR oduřavěla.
It becomes clear that the denotation of the male donkey comprises associations with macro-red and this type of macro-red is not loaded with positive semantizations and only with great difficulty could be taken as macro-light version of red. From the root of male donkey [hamòr] is also formed the word roebuck [iahmùr], where the internal motive clearly follows the line of reddishness.
3.2. The divine commandments and the male donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr]
The word [hamòr] is used frequently and every time the divine commandments are verbalized in the Exodus and Deutoronomy. There are more than 10 uses – Exodus 13:13; 20:17; 21:33; 22:4; 22:9; 22:10; 23:4 23:5 23:12 34:20; Deuteronomy 5:14; 5:21; 22:3; 22:4; 22:10; 28:31.
3.3. The other meanings of the root Het-Mem-Reish
The meanings wine, bitumen, asphalt, cement, mortar, clay of the root of the word for the male donkey, Het-Mem-Reish, are derived from the semantic features ‘red’ and ‘material’, available in the original semitic root semantics. There are also other roots for these same words in Hebrew, but in Genesis, 11:3; Exodus, 2:3; Job, 4:19; Psalms 40 are used for derivations precisely from this root. Similarly, the non-standard word for wine, formed from the same root – wine [hèmer]. Hence, in Deuteronomy, 32:14 and Ezra, 6:9 a word from this root stands for the wine [hèmer]. According to BibleWorks4, two different roots should be considered here (one with the paradigm, become red, donkey and the other with wine, mud, clay, tar, mortar and stole), despite their complete concurrence.
3.3.1. bitumen/asphalt [hemàr] and mortar [hòmer]
Genesis, 11:3 narrates the building of the tower of Babylon.
They said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar. (NAU)
Then they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” They had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar. (NKJ)
In this Genesis 11:3 tar/asphalt translates [hemàr], whereas mortar translates [hòmer]. Exodus, 2:3 tells about the basket in which Moses is left to swim on the river – daubed it with slime (KJV); covered it over with tar and pitch (NAU); daubed it with bitumen (RSV); plastered it with bitumen (NRS); daubed it with asphalt (NKJ). In Exodus, 2:3 from the root of male donkey is the verb daubed it with; [tahmerà]. Job, 4:19 uses the word [hòmer] in the expression houses of clay (Bul. къщи от кал) [batèi hòmer].
3.3.2. wine [hèmer]
Deuteronomy 32:14 Curds of cows, and milk of the flock, With fat of lambs, And rams, the breed of Bashan, and goats, With the finest of the wheat– And of the blood of grapes you drank wine. (NAU)
Ezra 6:9 “Whatever is needed, both young bulls, rams, and lambs for a burnt offering to the God of heaven, and wheat, salt, wine and anointing oil, as the priests in Jerusalem request, it is to be given to them daily without fail, (NAU)
3.4. Red and white donkeys.
The meanings wine, bitumen, asphalt, mortar and clay indicate the exclusivity of the white donkey, because the usual meanings of the root for the male donkey [hamòr] are realized in the paradigm of the meanings ‘red’ and ‘material’. If the meaning ‘wine’ can be regarded as a denotation of a sacral element, then the meanings of ‘bitumen’, ‘asphalt’, ‘mortar’, ‘clay’ can be considered as an indication of a realization of the root inverse to the sacral – toward ‘dark’, ‘earthly’, ‘low’, ‘material’, ‘transient’ and even ‘hellish’. Precisely these meanings are used when Moses is hidden in the resin basket, so as not to drown in the river of life, full of ‘Nile’s crocodiles’. In a figurative sense, Moses remains hidden under this symbolic cover of resin, symbolizing ‘earthly’, ‘low’ and ‘transient’ until that moment in his life when he leaves the Pharaoh’s family.
3.5. The lexical semantization of the male donkey is ‘a symbol of the material’
An important distinctive feature of the word for male donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr] is that male donkey easily becomes a symbol of the material, because in contemporary Hebrew the word ‘material’ is formed from the root of ‘substance’ חֺמֶר [hòmer], as well as the word ‘foam’ and the outdated smear with asphalt חָמַר [hamàr]. Traditional and contemporary rabbinic thought confirm the idea that “the Judahic Messiah riding a horse, controls the material and physical” (Zohar, Bamidbar, 3:207a). Rabbi Ari Kahn (Kahn), a professor at the Univeristy of Bar-Ilan (Israel) recalls Zohar’s commentary in his popular lectures.
Moreover, in contemporary Israelite society, the idea of the relation ‘material – the Messiah’s donkey’ has various manifestations. For instance, Sefi Rachlevsky, in his book „Messiah’s Donkey” (Rachlevsky 1998) sustains the claim that the national religious movement attempts to replace the democratic Hebrew state by a religious theocracy, using the term “straddling” the institutions of the democratic state. The author shows that the religious Zionist Rav Kuk discusses laic pioneers and politicians who established and built a democratic Hebrew state, as the Messiah’s donkey. “Materialists” (there is a word-play with donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr] and the related words matter, material, substance חֺמֶר [hòmer]) have done the dirty work, so to speak, so that now the nationalist religious movement is designated by God to take over the state institutions in order to transform them into the nationalist religious ideal – the “essence of the Messiah”. Rachlevsky’s book crystallized secular Israel’s fear of ultra-Orthodox power … from a religious community bent on destroying Israel’s democracy.
The material is precisely related to the word for male donkey, insofar as male donkey and חֲמוֹר [hamòr] and matter, material חֺמֶר [hòmer] are derivatives of one and the same root. This kind of commentary, however, expresses the general idea based on only one of the three “donkey” terms used in Zechariah 9:9. This type of commentary omits details such as the element of elevation originating in Zechariah’s use of the word donkey’s foal עֲיר [aìr]. The semantics of ‘elevation’ and ‘soaring’ is carried by the entire semantics of the root of the word donkey’s foal. The other omission is Zechariah’s elaboration that the donkey is “the foal of donkeys” (בֶן־אָתֺנוֹת [ben atonòt]). Briefly, this kind of religious nationalist claim (to put it mildly) “conveniently” omits the context of Prophet Zechariah’s words in this verse.
3.6. Denotative and connotative aspects
From word-derivation point of view the he-donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr] expresses the macro-red and macro-black in terms of Witkovski and Brown 1977; 1978; 1982, Wierzbicka 1996, Borg 2007.
From contextual, storyline point of view he-donkey is a marker for decisive moments of the life of tribes of Issachar and Judah (Genesis 49:11), of Abraham (Genesis 22:4); Joseph (Genesis 42:27; 44:13); Moses (Exodus 4:20; Numbers 16:15); The conquest of Jericho (Joshua 15:18); The tribe of Judah takes possession of the Holy Land (Joshua 15:12-20; Judges 1:10-16); One of the first punishments for disobeying the Torah in the Holy Land (Judges 6:15); Gideon and Samson (Judges 15:15-16);The beginning of the end of the epoch of the Judges (Judges 19-21); The beginning of the monarchy (1 Samuel 12:1-3); Death of the nameless prophet (3 Kings 13:13; 23-24; 27); king David (1 Samuel 16:20; 25:18-25; 40-44; 2 Samuel 16, 1-4; 17:23); king Solomon (1 Kings 2:8-10; 36-44); The actions of the prophet Elijah (2 Kings 4:22); The narrator is prophet Jeremiah, Chronicles and Kings (Jeremiah 22:19; 2 Chronicles 36:6; 2 Kings 24:6); The narrator is prophet Nehemiah (Nehemiah 7:65-68), Isaiah.
4. The Female Donkey אֲתוֹן [atòn]
Historically, the female donkey was preferred to the male because of its milk and because it was better for riding. In BibleWorks4 it is shown precisely why the donkey is related to the tradition of pacification and the Messiah, as told already by Jacob. This is said in Genesis, 49:11, where chapter 49 is dedicated to Jacob’s legacy to his twelve sons. Verses 10, 11 and 12 are dedicated to the tribe of Judah, from which David is a descendant. The descendents of Judah are the only tribe which returned from Mesopotamia and the New Testament indicates Jesus Christ as a descendent of King David. In Jacob’s legacy in Genesis, 49:11, for the first time, key terms ass’s colt, foal are used which are also inherited by the New Testament:
Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: Genesis 49:11 (KJV)
foals of a donkey, lit. sons of female donkey אָתֺנוֹ בּני [bnèi atonò];
binding his foal אֺסְרׅי עׅירוֹ [osrì irò]
binding his ass’s colt אֺסְרׅי בּני עׅירוֹ [osrì bnèi irò]
4.1. The prototype of the Messiah’s white donkey
The white she-donkeys in Judges 5:10 are a highly significant symbol because it relates to the prophecy that the Messiah will enter Jerusalem on a donkey.
Judges 5:10 “You who ride on white donkeys, You who sit on rich carpets, And you who travel on the road – sing! Judges, 5:10 (NAU)
Judges 5:10 Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way. (KJV)
The important notion in regard to the New Testament is “binding the ass’s colts”, where it is tacitly understood that there are “tied asses”.
4.1. Lexical and root information.
The root of the word אֲתוֹן [аtòn] is not mentioned in BibleWorks4. According to Genesius, however, in Arabic there is an non-developed root Alef-Tav-Nun אתן, meaning, ‘to walk with small steps’ which, with a preposition, can also mean ‘stand stable’, ‘stand firm’, ‘sustain’. This verb is close to the arab verb ‘refuse’ and, according to Gesenius, from this common, non-developed root derives the Hebrew word ass אֲתוֹן [atòn] (Gesenius, 1996, p. 95). In full agreement with Gesenius, the Easton Bible Dictioanаry (EBD) asserts that the ass is called אֲתוֹן [atòn], because of its slow gait.
According to the The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE), the word has a different origin:
‘Athon, Assyrian ‘atanu’ and Aramaic ‘atana’, is derived from ‘atha’ “to come,” “go,” etc. (Furst suggests that it may be derived from ‘athan, Aramaic ‘adhan, “to be slender,” “docile”, etc.) (Ass – ISBE)
Leaving the passage indicated in BibleWorks4 and to conclude, we should note that the donkey expresses the idea of ‘peace’ and ‘ordinariness’, as well as ‘God’s omnipotence who, if he wants to, makes something great of the most ordinary thing’. This is the sense commented in BibleWorks4, in the case of Numbers 22:21-28, where the donkey speaks to Balaam and becomes the carrier of divine providence. Let us recall that the idea of ‘ordinariness’ includes the most popular qualities of that animal – ‘stupidity’, ‘stubbornness’, ‘strong sexuality’.
Gesenius adds the meanings ‘walk with small steps’, as well as ‘refuse’, which have the potential to develop as ‘stand stable’, ‘stand firm’ and ‘sustain’. According to the ISBE-interpretation, the function of movement ‘going’, ‘coming’ is confirmed for denoting the female donkey.
We should note the interest in the term “white asses”. Dr. Thomas McDaniel, 2003 dedicates an entire monograph to this topic, including his interpretation. The book shows an impressive erudition in Semitic philology, knowledge of English translations and the Septuagint. The asses are not the focus of attention, but interestingly, McDaniel gives a completely different translation of Judges 5:10, omitting the female gender of the donkey and the “sitting ones” do not sit on rugs but on mules: Riders on young donkeys, those sitting on mules, and those walking along the way. The eccentricity of this translation may explain why the book was published by the author himself. In addition, the author has a series of original ideas.
The word donkeys אֲתֺנוֹת [atonòt] is in the feminine plural.
The term white is not expressed by the standard Hebrew term for white color (לָבָן [lavàn]), but by a word from the root Tzadi-Het-Reish צחר. In the English and Bulgarian translations, however, white donkeys צְחֺרוֹת אֲתֺנוֹת [atonòt tzehoròt] and white wool צָחַר צֶמֶר [tzèmer tzàhar] are not translated as reddish-gray, tawny, but consistently result as white (female) donkeys (Bul. бели магарици).
4.1.1. White she-donkeys, the root Tzadi-Het-Reish צחר and the closely related root Tzadi-He-Reish צהר
The Hebrew word for white is צְחֺרוֹת [tzehoròt] and the word’s root is Tzadi-Het-Reish צחר. The root Tzadi-Het-Reish צחר according BibleWoks4 has following meanings:
reddish-gray, tawny (Ezek 27:18) צָחַר [tzàhar]
tawny (Jud 5:10) צָחֺר [tzòhar]
The word white designated by words formed from that root appears only twice in the entire Old Testament. The first time is in Judges 5:10 and the second – in the word-combination white wool in Ezekiel, 27:18. Such a rare usage is significant in itself. In order to orient ourselves in regard to this meaning, we have to examine the full semantics of the root.
According to Gesenius 1996, the origin of צָחַר [tzàhar] derives from an unextended root in the language, meaning bedazzle, knock, shine, blinded by bright light.
The paradigm of such a denotation of white in the Old Testament comprises only two cases – white she-donkeys צְחֺרוֹת אֲתֺנוֹת [atonòt tzehoròt] and white wool צָחַר צֶמֶר [tzèmer tzàhar]. A possible reading of the word white is צֺחָר [tzòhar], but here I shall keep to צָחַר [tzàhar].
Thus, the root relates to active transformations of the idea of light. The singular form of white, צְחֺרוֹת [tzehoròt], isצָחֺר [tzahòr] and the main signification of that word is reddish-gray, tawny.
Consequently these translations depend on the tradition and on the amalgamation of this root with Tzadi-He-Reish צהר which is close to it. The paradigm of Tzadi-He-Reish צהרprovides the donkeys’ color:
I. noon, midday; II. roof (once, Gen 6:16) צֺהַר [tzòhar]
fresh oil יצְהָר [itzhàr]
press oil צָהַר [tzàhar]
(TWOT in BibleWords4)
It is important to check whether Bibles in other languages “insist” on the translation of צְחֺרוֹת [tzehoròt] as white, Bul. бели, since [tzahòr] denotes reddish-gray, tawny and is not the standard Hebrew word for white, which is לָבָן [lavàn]).
The Septuagint shows a leveling of two roots that are close, but different:
Tzadi-He-Reish צהר and Tzadi-Het-Reish צחר, translating the word צְחֺרוֹת [tzehoròt] with the meaning of the paradigm of the word צֺהָר[tzòhar]. Instead of the standard use of the term for white color (λευκός [leukòs]) or the standard word for light, Bul. cветлина, Gr. φὢς [fos], the Septuagint indicates the word μεσημβρίας [mesembrìas], meaning noon. Thus the Septuagint differs from the Slavonic and English translations which use the standard term for white color — бели, белых, białych, white.
The word צֺהַר[tzòhar] is used once as a term for the window of Noah’s Ark (Genesis 6:16). That which allows the seventy translators to treat the two roots as synonyms, are the semes ‘light’, ‘noon-light, as something positive’ and ‘ritual purity’. This is how the window of Noah’s arc and the white donkeys from Judges 5:10 turn out to be in a common paradigm, suggesting ‘light’ and ‘purity’.
The Vulgata uses the word nitēns, meaning shiny and not one of the standard words for white or light.
All translations maintain the whiteness, lightness and shininess of the donkeys. In this regard it is particularly significant that the legend of the Septuagint attributes a rabbinic authorship to the Greek translation, and the St. Jerome (347-420) spent much time in the Holy Land, studying Hebrew and advising local Judaic rabbis. The first occurs three centuries before the New era and the second – four centuries after the New era. In this way the tradition consistently confirms this translation.
Of the same order is the riddle why the kings David and Solomon choose foals which are “children of the she-donkey” as the royal animal and not the horse. Judges 5:10 shows that the use of donkeys or foals as animals for riding and expressing abundance, power, influence etc., is a tradition in the Near Eastern Israelite monotheistic culture.
White she-donkeys from Judges 5:10 are related to the Messiah and his foal of a donkey, lit. sons of female donkey, from Genesis, 49:11.
5. The colt עַיר [aìr]
BibleWorks4 distinguishes between two different roots Ayin-Yud-Reish ry[, which are spelled the same – ‘yr I и ‘yr II. From the first root derives עוּר [ur] rouse oneself, awake, incite, as well as עׅיר [ìr] excitement. From the second root derives עׅיר [aìr] he-donkey.
Genesius provides more information, the most valuable of which is the motive of forming the noun wild donkey עׅיר [aìr] – “The notion of being hot is applied in various ways: 1. to an ardent rapid course, or runing; a wild ass, so called from its rapid unrestrained running”. Interestingly, Genesius does not indicate the meaning of the root rouse oneself, awake, incite.
From this review of the root in BibleWorks4 and Gesenius, we can draw the following complex conclusion:
The cognitive, sub-consciously flowing relation of the word colt עׅיר [aìr] has five aspects, resulting from the colt’s qualities as well as of the extended semantics of the word’s root. The first aspect is that the colt lacks the association with strong sexuality, typical of mature donkeys, i.e. here the ‘lack of strong sexuality’ is at hand. The second aspect is a complete onomatopoeia with town עׅיר [aìr]. The third aspect relates the colt to ‘flaming’, ‘ardent’, since they form the meanings ‘speed’ + ‘peace’. The fifth aspect is the relation with the verbs rouse oneself, awake, incite עוּר [ur]. This last aspect transmits linguistic consciousness and sub-consciousness of a journey to exaltation.
6. The wild donkey פּׅרְדָה [pirdà] is the royal animal
In the Hebrew world-view the wild donkey is differentiated from the domestic one with quite different words. There are two denotations for wild ass/wild donkey.
One is פֶּרֶד[pèred]/ פּׅרְדָה[pirdà] and the other is פֶּרֶה [père]/ פֶּרֶא[père]. The term for the royal parade animal is king’s she-mule (Bul. царското муле) פּׅרְדָת מֶלֶך [pirdàt mèleh].
In this context there are several uses – in Jeremiah, 2:24, Job, 11:12, 39:5. Isaiah, 32:14 – where the second word for wild donkey is used for mule, with the textual semantization ‘wild’, ‘natural’, uncivilized’, ‘non-monotheistic’ and ‘absence of people’.
BibleWorks4 indicates the meaning “wild donkey” for the word פֶּרֶה [père]/ פֶּרֶא [père]. The internal form of the term royal donkey/mule פֶּרֶד [pèred] is from run, run fast פֶּרֶא[perà]. On the other hand, the same root, according to Gesenius, comprises the verb carry weight, support, carry, bear פָּרָא [parà]. This word should not be confused with its homopohone – פָּרָה [parà], meaning young cow. The verb פָּרָה [parà] means carry, give birth quickly, run. Clearly, the two verbs פָּרָא [parà] and פָּרָה [parà] are close enough – in sound and meaning.
Besides signifying ‘wild’, ‘natural’, ‘uncivilized’, ‘non-monotheistic’, the wild donkey is also a sign for ‘nobleness’ and ‘royalness’. This appears in the different descriptions in 3 Kings of Solomon’s anointment as king, where the word פּׅרְדָה [pirdà] is used.
Zechariah does not use the lexeme פֶּרֶא [père], used in Solomon’s anointment as king in 1 Kings:33; 38; 44 (3 Kings, 1:33; 38; 44), yet on the other hand, in the New Testament the apostles indicate that Christ entered Jerusalem as a Jewish king, riding a mule (Bul. осле). The founders of the Hebrew monarchy – David and Solomon – prefer the mule as their ceremonial animal. The term is king’s mule מֶלֶך פּׅרְדָת [pirdàt mèleh]. Solomon’s anointment as king occurs on a king’s mule (Bul. царското муле). The word formation king’s mule מֶלֶך פּׅרְדָת [pirdàt mèleh] is a smihut-form which unequivocally indicates that the royal mule is female. The term is used in three verses telling about Solomon’s anointment as king, done while David is still alive – 1 Kings 33; 38; 44.
The king said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and have my son Solomon ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon. 1 Kings 1:33 (NAU)
According to the Bulgarian explanatory dictionary, муле (mule) as a general term is a cross between a donkey and a horse. The dictionary distinguishes between the concrete terms – a mule is born of a she-ass and a horse, whereas a hinny is born from a donkey and a mare (BED 1963, p. 423). In the context of the Messiah and his genealogical tree related to King David, the question of the “royal mule”/ “David’s mule” is not without significance, as well as the term “colt, born of an ass”. This term is used both in the Old and the New Testament when it needs to be specified.
All of David’s sons ride she-mules [pirdà]. Solomon’s anointment as king with such a female mule changes the spectrum of semantizations of this word: from the usual animal ridden by the king’s sons in times of peace, this kind of donkey is transformed into a royal animal.
7. The Aramaic wild donkey עָרוֹד[aròd]
The word occurs in Job 39:5.
According to Genesius, the word colt עֲיר [aìr] has an Aramaic origin, from the root Ayin-Yud-Reish and is an element of the paradigm of macro-red – macro-light עוּר [ur] to be hot, ardent, rouse oneself, awake, incite עוּר [ur]; to make hot, to heat הְעׅיר [heìr]; עׅיר [ìr] excitement.
Job’s poetic style is distinctive due to his brilliant command of Hebrew, as well as the large number of loan-words. Thus we can find the Aramaic word next to the Hebrew word in one and the same verse. This is precisely the case with the Aramaic word for wild donkey עָרוֹד [aròd], which is next to the Hebrew word פֶּרֶא [père] in Job 39:5.
Usual explanation for the many non-Hebrew words in the Book of Job, including the couple עָרוֹד [aròd] – פֶּרֶא [père] is that the use of non-Hebrew words serves poetic manipulation (Greenstein 2003; Ginsberg 2007).
The Bulgarian translations of this word and the poetical parallelism of the Aramaic and Hebrew words for wild donkey are illustrations of the correctness of Greenstein’s claim.
— There are five different Hebrew roots for terms for English Biblical foal, coat, female donkey, he-ass.
— Logical and associative relations in Hebrew, established by the polysemy of different roots of names for the donkey are untranslateable into Indo-European languages.
— From color point of view the he-donkey חֲמוֹר [hamòr] is in the area of macro-red and macro-black, while the foal of the Messiah is macro-white.
— The white she-donkeys in Judges 5:10 are a highly significant symbol because it relates to the prophecy that the Messiah will enter Jerusalem on a donkey. In this sense, the word denoting the color of the donkey is significant.
— White donkeys are related to the meanings ‘light’, ‘noon-light as something positive’, ‘ritual purity’, following the derivation of their semantics from the root, as well as from the biblical context. That is why they are the prototype of the Messiah’s donkey.
— Zechariah’s prophecy is incarnate in the gospels of the New Testament, is cited with precision by the apostles and Jesus enters Jerusalem as a Hebrew king, on a white colt, the ass’s foal.
— Kings ride mules with difficulty, but apparently this is not the case of the most important Judaic kings who are not worried to express ‘peace’ by means of this symbol.
— Kings David and Solomon choose colts “the ass’s foals” as royal animal and not the horse. From Judges, 5:10 is clear that the use of donkey or colt as an animal for riding expresses wealth, power, influence etc., but not ‘solidarity with poverty’, ‘simplicity’.
— The analysis of the extended semantics of the proto-image of Christ’s white colt – the white asses from the call to Court by Debora; the lexemes of Zechariah’s prophecy; the symbols of Jacob’s legacy for the tribe of Judah in Genesis 49; the tradition established by David and Solomon that kings should ride mules – show different levels of the relation between the New and Old Testaments.
BibleWorks4. 1998. Copyright BibleWorks, LLC.
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Gesenius, Friedrich. 1996. Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament. Baker Books.
Ginsberg, Harold. 2007. “Job, the Book of”. Encyclopedia Judahica, Second Edition, Skolnik, Fred Ed. in Chief, Berenbaum Michael, Executive Ed., Gale, Thomson. Keter Publishing House. Vol. 11, pp. 341-351.
Greenstein, Edward. 2003. The Language of Job and its Poetic Function. Journal of Biblical Literature, Vol 122, No 4. pp. 651-666
Sancti Eusebius Hieronymus. 347-420. Liber De Nominibus Hebraicis. 815-822; Liber Hebr. Quast. in Genes. 985-1030: Patrologiae Latinae. Cursus Completus. Traditio Catholica, Seaculum v. annus 420. Accurante J.-P. Migne, Bibliothecae Cleri universae. Patrologiae Latinae, Tomus XXIII, Parisis. Apud Garnier Fratres, Editores et J.-P. Migne Successores. 1883. Edditio Parisiorum Novissima, Juxta Secundum Ab Ipsis Veronensibus Iteratis Curis Resensitam Typis Repetita. Accurante et Denuo Recognoscente J.-P. Migne, Bibliothecae Cleri universae. Tomus Secundus. Parisis. Apud Garnier Fratres, Editores et J.-P. Migne Successores, 1883.
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Witkovski, Stanley & Cecil Brown. 1978. Lexical universals. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 7. pp. 427-451
Witkovski, Stanley & Cecil Brown. 1982. Whorf and Universals of Color. Journal of Anthropological Research, Vol. 38, No. 4, University of New Mexico pp. 411-420.
KJV – Authorized Version (KJV) – 1769 Blayney Edition of the 1611 King James Version of the English Bible – with Larry Pierce’s Englishman’s-Strong’s Numbering System, ASCII version Copyright (c) 1988-1997 by the Online Bible Foundation and Woodside Fellowship of Ontario, Canada.
NIV – New International Version, 1984. Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society.
NKJ – The New King James Version NKJV, Copyright 1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.
NRS – The New Revised Standard Version NRSV (NRS) of the Bible. The Scripture quotations contained herein are from the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) of the Bible, Copyrighted 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America.
БИБЛИЯ 1940 – Библия или Свещеното Писание на Стария и Новия заветъ. Вярно и точно преведена отъ оригинала. Ревизирано издание, Библейско дружество, София.
БИБЛИЯ 1992 – Библия сиреч книгите на Свещеното писание на Вехтия и Новия завет, издава Св. Синод на Българската църква, София.
БИБЛИЯ 2001 – Библия или Свещеното Писание на Стария и Новия завет. С препратки, паралелни пасажи и тематичен конкорданс. Изданието е преработка на съвременен български език на основата на българския превод на Библията от оригинални текстове, извършен от Константин Фотинов, Петко Славейков и Христодул Сичан-Тодоров, издаден за първи път през 1871 г. Вярно и точно сравнена с оригиналните текстове. Първо издание, София, 2000, Издателство „Верен”. Второ издание. Издателство „Верен”, София.
БИБЛИЯ 2002 – Библия или Свещеното писание на Стария и Новия завет. Вярно и точно преведено от оригинала. Българско библейско дружество със съдействието на Обединените библейски дружества – UBS. София.
BED – Български тълковен речник. Л. Андрейчин, Л. Георгиев, Ст. Илчев, Н. Костов, Ив. Леков, Ст. Стойков, Цв. Тодоров. Държавно издателство „Наука и изкуство”. Второ издание, София, 1963.
EBD – Easton Bible Dictionary by M. G. Easton, M.A., D.D., ASCII edition, Ellis Enterprises, 1988
TWOT – The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, by R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer Jr., Bruce K. Waltke, originally published by Moody Press of Chicago, Illinois, 1980.
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
WHAT IS UP WITH TRUMPS 🐍 POEM? We all laugh and think it is funny but we don’t know what we are 😂 at? 📰 DJT IS TALKING ABOUT HIMSELF…
The Device =
QUANTUM COMPUTER WHIVH US THE IMAGE OF THE BEAST AND THE VOICE WILL BE ALEXA
For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform.
The wicked in his (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
And he (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) made in Jerusalem engines (GOOGLE SEARCH), invented by cunning men, to be on the towers (5G) and upon the bulwarks (walls), to shoot (invincible) arrows (FREQUENCY) and great stones (QUANTUM DOTS in 💉) withal. And his (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) name spread far abroad; for he (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) was marvelously helped, till he (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) was strong.
they had devised devices against me, saying,
Let us destroy the tree with the fruit (🧬 of FAITH in Jesus) thereof, and let us cut (CRISPR 💉) him off from the land of the living (make them ARTIFICIAL) that his name (JESUS) may be no more remembered.
He (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do thatwhich his fathers have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers; he (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he (wish this wasn’t true = DJT) shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.
POPE FRANCIS = FALSE PROPHET Watch he will bless America’s King and Queen…LAST EVENT THE DEATH QUEEN ELIZABETH …The change of the Catholic Church
When You read the following story in 1 Kings 13 regarding The Prophets Disobedience…
Consider the MAN OF GOD BEING CARRIED BY THE ASS, whom was killed by THE LION in which THE LION DID NOT KILL THE ASS BUT STOOD NEXT TO THE ASS…
ASS = DAUGHTER OF ZION
LION = JESUS
MAN OF GOD = JESUS
The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master’s crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.
11Now there dwelt an old prophet in Bethel; and his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel: the words which he had spoken unto the king, them they told also to their father. 12And their father said unto them,
What way went he?
For his sons had seen what way the man of God went, which came from Judah. 13And he said unto his sons,
Saddle me the ass.
So they saddled him the ass: and he rode thereon, 14And went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak: and he said unto him,
I may not return with thee, nor go in with thee: neither will I eat bread nor drink water with thee in this place: 17For it was said to me by the word of the LORD, Thou shalt eat no bread nor drink water there, nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest.
I am a prophet also as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the LORD, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water.
But he lied unto him. 19So he went back with him, and did eat bread in his house, and drank water.
20And it came to pass, as they sat at the table, that the word of the LORD came unto the prophet that brought him back: 21And he cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying,
Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast disobeyed the mouth of the LORD, and hast not kept the commandment which the LORD thy God commanded thee, 22But camest back, and hast eaten bread and drunk water in the place, of the which the LORD did say to thee, Eat no bread, and drink no water; thy carcase shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.
23And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread, and after he had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, to wit, for the prophet whom he had brought back. 24And when he was gone,
a lion met him by the way, and slew him: and his carcase was cast in the way, and the ass stood by it, the lion also stood by the carcase. 25And, behold, men passed by, and saw the carcase cast in the way, and the lion standing by the carcase: and they came and told it in the city where the old prophet dwelt.
26And when the prophet that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said,
It is the man of God, who was disobedient unto the word of the LORD: therefore the LORD hath delivered him unto the lion, which hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake unto him. 27And he spake to his sons, saying,
Saddle me the ass.
And they saddled him. 28And he went and found his carcase cast in the way,
and the ass and the lion standing by the carcase:
the lion had not eaten the carcase, nor torn the ass.
29And the prophet took up the carcase of the man of God, and laid it upon the ass, and brought it back: and the old prophet came to the city, to mourn and to bury him.30And he laid his carcase in his own grave; and they mourned over him, saying,
Alas, my brother!
31And it came to pass, after he had buried him, that he spake to his sons, saying,
When I am dead, then bury me in the sepulchre wherein the man of Godis buried; lay my bones beside his bones: 32For the saying which he cried by the word of the LORD against the altar in Bethel, and against all the houses of the high places which are in the cities of Samaria, shall surely come to pass.
33After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places. 34And this thing became sin unto the house of Jeroboam, even to cut it off, and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.
May The People Increase, Whose People Are Countless
May The People Contend
There are two Jeroboams in the Bible:
• The first and best known Jeroboam is the son of Nebat and Zeruah, and king of Israel (1 Kings 11:26). King Solomon had appointed this Jeroboam as head over the forced labor of the territory of Joseph (11:28), and one day, as he goes out from Jerusalem, he’s met by the prophet Ahijah. He tells Jeroboam that the Lord will give him the ten tribes of Israel. Jeroboam flees to Egypt but returns after Solomon dies and his son Rehoboam is reigning. The northern tribes revolt, Jeroboam fortifies Shechem and Penuel, erects golden calves at Bethel and Dan, and continues to earn his epitaph “the king who made Israel sin” (2 Kings 13:6). He reigns for 22 years and is succeeded by his son Nadab.
• The second Jeroboam is the son and successor of king Joash of Israel (2 Kings 13:13), and apparently good friend of the prophet Elisha (13:14).
Thus said the LORD unto me;
Go and stand in the gate of the children of the people, whereby the kings of Judah come in, and by the which they go out, and in all the gates of Jerusalem;
Behold, thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee:
The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.
How is the gold become dim! how is the most fine gold changed! the stones of the sanctuary are poured out in the top of every street.
And they blessed Rebekah, and said unto her,
Thou art our sister, be thou the mother of thousands of millions, and let thy seed possess the gate of those which hate them.
Will the LORD be pleased with thousands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil?
Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
Should not I spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle?
Howbeit I believed not their words, until I came, and mine 👀 had seen it: and, behold, the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was not told me: for thou exceedest the fame that I heard.
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive:
The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens. For Your mercy is great above the heavens, And Your truth reaches to the clouds.
Who humbles Himself to behold The things that are in the heavens and in the earth?
For thus says the High and Lofty One Who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy:
“I dwell in the high and holy place, With him who has a contrite and humble spirit, To revive the spirit of the humble, And to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”
Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in 🍷, And his clothes in the🩸 of 🍇 .
Why is Your apparel red, And Your garments like one who treads in the winepress?
He was clothed with a robe dipped in 🩸, and His name is called The Word of God.
“Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your 👑 is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”
Then beginning with Moses and [throughout] all the [writings of the] prophets, He explained and interpreted for them the things referring to Himself [found] in all the Scriptures. Then Jesus asked the two disciples,
“Why can’t you understand?”
“How can you be so slow to believe all that the prophets said?”
“You search the Scriptures because you think they give you eternal life. But the Scriptures point to me!”
“For if you believed and relied on [the Scriptures written by] Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote about Me [personally].”
“There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony he gives about me is true.”
“Who gives the wild donkey its freedom?”
“Who untied its ropes?”
Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, at the Mount of 🫒, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them,
“Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loosethem and bring them to Me.”
“This dear woman, a daughter of Abraham, has been held in bondage by Satan for eighteen years.”
“Isn’t it right that she be released, even on the Sabbath?”
the Lord replied.
“Does not each of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or donkey from the stall and lead it to water?
When Jesus saw her, he called her over and said to her,
“Woman, you are freed from your disability.”
Then he laid his hands on her, and instantly she was restored and began to glorify God.
This took place to fulfill the prophecy that said,
“Tell the daughter of Zion, ‘Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”
When the donkey saw the angel of the LORD standing in the road with a drawn sword in his hand, she turned off the path and went into a field. So Balaam beat her to return her to the path. But Balaam was stopped from his mad course when his donkey rebuked him with a human voice. Then the LORD opened the donkey’s mouth, and she said to Balaam,
“What have I done to you that you have beaten me these three times?”
Balaam answered the donkey,
“You have made a fool of me! If only I had a sword in my hand, I would kill you right now.”
So the donkey said to Balaam,
“Am I not your donkey on which you have ridden, ever since I became yours, to this day?”
“Was I ever disposed to do this to you?”
And he said,
Then the LORD opened Balaam’s eyes, and he saw the Angel of the LORD standing in the way with His drawn sword in His hand; and he bowed his head and fell flat on his face.
Indeed the LORD has proclaimed To the end of the world:
“Say to the daughter of Zion, ‘Surely your salvation is coming; Behold, His reward is with Him, And His work before Him.’ ”
“Behold, I am coming soon, and My reward is with Me, to give to each one according to what he has done. 13I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.”
“I, Jesus, have sent My angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright Morning Star.”
“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, Lowly and riding on a donkey, A colt, the foal of a donkey.”
LADY OF AMERICA
The Holy Spirit calls on Jesus Christ to spread the good 📰 faith is alive: